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Explanation of the types of memorization and 8 ways to efficiently commit them to memory.

Memorization is an essential element for improving grades and speeding up learning, but some people may have trouble with memorization, or may forget quickly after memorizing. In this article, we will explain the different types of memorization, 8 tips to help you retain them in your memory, and tools to help you memorize more efficiently. We will also introduce memorization methods that should be avoided as much as possible, so please refer to this article if you want to improve your memorization efficiency. Table of Contents 01There are two types of memorization process Memorization with understanding first Understanding first, then memorization 02You can start today! 8 memorization methods to fix in your memory Memorize aloud Memorize by writing Memorize by checking again and again Memorize with diagrams and illustrations Memorize while exercising Memorize before going to bed Memorize by associating with a specific action Memorize by outputting to others 03Memorization methods that should be avoided as much as possible Memorizing the same subject in succession Overnight cramming 04Tips to improve memorization efficiency Get a good night's sleep Use your spare time for memorization Do not try to memorize everything in a short period of time 05Review frequently and get enough sleep to memorize steadily. The memorization process is divided into two types There are two main types of memorization flow: one is to memorize after understanding and the other is to memorize after understanding. Neither is necessarily superior to the other, but it is possible to memorize more efficiently by using both depending on the subject to be memorized. Below is an explanation of each flow and the study subjects suitable for each. Memorize after understanding The method of memorizing first and then understanding is suitable for English vocabulary and elemental symbols that can be memorized without explanations or understanding of the flow. It will be difficult to understand and memorize English words and their meanings, and element symbols and the roles of the elements at the same time if you do not have enough prerequisite knowledge. First, memorize from the unknown to the point where you feel you have seen it before, and from there learn the meaning and deepen your understanding. When the amount of memorization becomes large, it is a good idea to memorize while being aware of related derivatives. The key to remembering principles and principles that are difficult to grasp is to memorize them and then deepen your understanding. Understand first and then memorize. In some cases, it is better to understand first and then memorize than to memorize in the dark. Formulas and solution patterns in mathematics are examples of this. Since a solution is a logical process that leads to an answer, understanding is more important than memorization. It will be easier to remember if you understand "how the logic is developed" and "why it is used in this situation. The same is true for formulas. Remembering only formulas is meaningless if you do not understand how to use them. If you understand each formula and solution pattern, you will be able to solve more problems by applying them, and you will be able to rely less on memorization. For example, if you understand the rules of chemical reaction formulas and English grammar, the amount of memorization required will also be reduced. The amount of memorization for these also becomes huge if you try to memorize them in their entirety, so be aware that you need to understand them first and then memorize them. Back to Table of Contents You can start today! 8 Memorization Methods to Help You Commit It to Memory Memorization is not a natural talent, but an ability that can be improved with ingenuity. Memorization is often associated with staring at words on a piece of paper and trying desperately to memorize them, but by speaking out loud and being aware of the timing of memorization, you can make it easier to commit them to memory. Below we introduce eight memorization methods that utilize various senses, so you can learn efficiently by using a memorization method that suits your subject and your study style. Memorize aloud When you speak aloud, your voice enters your ears, so you receive more information than if you memorize with your eyes alone. In addition, to speak out loud, you need to be aware of what you are saying, which stimulates your brain and makes it easier to remember. If you are in an environment where you want to speak out loud but cannot, try memorizing by mumbling, even if it is just loud enough for only you to hear. Memorize by writing The act of writing also helps memory retention. If you just look at something, only visual information enters your brain, but by transferring the information you have obtained to the act of writing, you can memorize it more efficiently. Writing not only helps memorization, but by actually writing, you can find areas where your memory is fuzzy and check to see if you remembered something incorrectly or how well your memory is retained. By writing in a different color for areas that are difficult to remember, the visual information will be more memorable and easier to remember. However, please note that if the purpose of writing is to memorize, the memorization effect will diminish. Memorize by checking again and again The more times people are exposed to information, the less likely they are to forget it. Even once something has been memorized, checking it repeatedly will help to consolidate the memory, but if it is not reviewed, it will be forgotten over time, so frequent review is necessary to consolidate the memory. You can use memorization cards, memorization pens, and check sheets to help you remember more efficiently. Memorize with diagrams and illustrations Diagrams and illustrations are also effective for memorization. Diagrams and illustrations allow you to see a lot of information at once, so you can grasp the overall picture and flow of the situation at the same time. For example, if you are reading history, which is difficult to imagine the specifics of a situation using only text, reading manga will help you understand it more smoothly, and you will easily remember the movements of the characters and what they said. When memorizing math solutions, looking at commonly used graphs and diagrams together will not only help you understand, but also make it easier to pull the solution out of your memory when you are asked a question related to that graph or diagram. Exercise while memorizing Exercise improves blood flow and activates the brain, making it easier to retain memories. Sitting tends to reduce blood flow, so it is a good idea to stand up at the appropriate time and perform light exercise. When you lose concentration, memorizing while doing light exercise can help you change your mood and learn more efficiently. However, if you do heavy-duty exercises such as dashing, your attention will be focused on the exercise, so be sure to do moderate exercises such as jogging or light squats. Learning Before Sleep Since information in the brain is organized during sleep, it is effective to focus on memorization before going to bed. The relaxed state after eating and taking a bath is a very good environment for memorization. Use memorization cards or reference books for memorization before bed, and try to avoid using smartphones or computers that emit bright light, which can interfere with sleep. Memorize by associating specific actions Associating an action with the content you want to memorize will help you retain it more efficiently. A specific action triggers the memory and makes it easier to recall the corresponding memory. Typical examples are the word association when memorizing historical years or elemental symbols, but associating a more memorable action with a memory, such as a characteristic pose or rhythmic movement while saying the word you want to memorize, will make it even easier to retain the memory. Memorize by outputting to others Explaining the knowledge you have learned to others will help your memory to stick. You can also check if there is any information missing from the explanation and if the memorized content is correct, so you will know what you need to focus on. In order to explain things in a way that others can easily understand, it is necessary to logically assemble the information you have memorized. Output is not only memorization, but also the process of making the knowledge you have crammed into your mind usable as your own knowledge. Another benefit of output is the memory of having explained what you have learned to someone else. Back to Table of Contents Methods of memorization to be avoided as much as possible Memorization is meaningless if it is done incorrectly and does not stick in the memory. It is important to understand not only effective memorization methods, but also memorization methods that should be avoided and why. Below are two memorization methods that should be avoided as much as possible. Memorizing the same subject consecutively Memorizing the same subject in succession will not be very effective. Memorizing similar content at the same time makes it difficult to organize the information, and memory is less likely to stick. In addition, if you continue to study one subject, you will become bored and lose concentration. It is preferable to memorize multiple subjects, separated by time if possible, but if you wish to focus on a subject and memorize it, you will need to be creative by dealing with multiple areas of study. Overnight soaking Memorization by overnight soaking is not expected to be very effective, since sleep helps memory to take root. It is advisable to memorize the material steadily on a daily basis to avoid overnight soaking. Even if you are able to remember, overnight knowledge tends to be forgotten after the test is over. Even if you memorize it the day before the test, be sure to get enough sleep and focus on a specific area of the test. Back to Table of Contents Tips for Improving Memorization Efficiency The key to improving memorization efficiency is to get a good night's sleep and to have long-term exposure to information. Below are three tips to improve memorization efficiency. Get a good night's sleep Sleep is an essential element for memory retention. It is undesirable to cut down on sleep time, such as staying up all night to study, just because you want to memorize a lot. Short sleep time reduces brain performance, which not only makes the memorized content less retentive, but also lowers study efficiency. Although the optimal amount of sleep varies from person to person, try not to overdo it and get enough sleep. Use skimming time for memorization If you have difficulty finding a specific amount of time to study, use your study time for memorization. If you use your spare time for memorization, you will be able to memorize information by repeating it frequently, which tends to make it easier to retain your memory. The more frequently you are exposed to information, the easier it will remain in your memory and the more efficient your memorization will be. Since unused information is forgotten, it is important to maintain a balance between learning new information and reviewing it. Find and use the time you have available, such as while commuting to and from work, using the restroom, or taking a bath. Do not try to memorize everything in a short period of time. It is important to memorize a large amount of information in order to get results, but if you cram too much into a short period of time, it will not remain in your memory. For example, even if you memorize a book of English vocabulary in one week, you will probably find many words that you do not remember at all when you go back and read it again from the beginning. If you spend a lot of time memorizing but forget a lot of information, you will lose motivation. In order to remember well, it is necessary to memorize steadily, little by little. If you make a mid- to long-term memorization plan that includes review, you will be able to memorize more efficiently. Back to Table of Contents Memorize steadily with frequent review and sufficient sleep! There are two ways to memorize, understanding first or later. It is more efficient to memorize English vocabulary and element symbols first, and to understand mathematical formulas and solutions first. It is important to review frequently and get a good night's sleep in order to consolidate what you have learned. If you need to memorize a large amount of material, do not try to do it in a short period of time, but work on it systematically and gradually. Our e-learning system, "learningBOX," allows students to study and take tests using memorization cards. It is also ideal for reviewing weak areas, as it is possible to study repeatedly and keep track of grades. The system is easy to use and can be implemented at a low cost, so those who want to efficiently advance their memorization as well as those who are unsure about implementing e-learning should first try the free plan available at no charge. We also recommend this one! Also read Back to Table of Contents

15 Recommended Memorization Methods│Memorization Mechanisms and Tips for Efficient Memorization

What methods do you use to memorize things? Not only students, but even working adults are sometimes required to memorize things for certification exams, promotion exams, and so on. Since memorization is something that you will be dealing with throughout your life, it is a good idea to know how to memorize things more effectively for yourself. In this issue, we would like to pick up 15 recommended memorization methods and introduce in detail the mechanism of memorizing and tips on how to memorize efficiently. If you are about to start memorizing something, please take a look at them. 15 recommended memorization methods Here are 15 recommended memorization methods. Learn about the characteristics of each and choose the memorization method that suits you best. Memorization Method 1] Writing First of all, writing makes it easier to memorize. This is because moving your hands stimulates your nerves and activates your brain. In particular, English words and ancient vocabulary are memorized more vividly by writing. Writing is a more effective method of memorization than following words with the eyes. Memorization Method 2] Reading Aloud Reading aloud is also recommended. This will help you remember more easily, not only by providing visual information but also auditory information. It is more effective than silent reading, so when studying at home, try to memorize by actively speaking aloud. However, if you are in an environment where it is difficult to speak out loud, even whispering is effective enough. Memorization Method 3: Physical Exercise It is also recommended to memorize by doing squats, stretching, and other physical exercises. Exercise will help you relax and activate your brain. Sitting in a chair is effective for memorization, but if you find that it does not help you remember as much as you would like, try going outside and doing some light physical exercise. Memorization Method 4] Tell others When you tell others what you have learned, you will be able to memorize it easily. This is because your mind will be organized by explaining it in your own words. Also, by talking to a third party, you will be able to grasp your own level of understanding and see how much of what you have learned has been retained in your memory. Memorization Method 5] Memorize by association One of the most effective methods for memorizing words in ancient Japanese and English is to memorize them by associating them. Try to memorize words and sets of words that are related to each other. For example, if you memorize "round-trip," you should memorize its synonym "one-way. This is more efficient than memorizing a single word and will help you retain the word in your memory. Memorization Method 6: Use colored pens. Using colored pens makes memorization easier. By using red for words you want to remember and yellow for important sentences, you will be able to memorize them more easily. However, be careful not to use too many colored pens directly on the text, as this will make it difficult to tell which parts of the text are important. Memorization Method 7] Use Red Sheets The use of a memorizing pen and red sheets that can hide letters is also effective in memorization. You can memorize important words and phrases while hiding the part you want to memorize. Memorization Method 8: Use diagrams, illustrations, and videos We recommend memorizing not only by writing, but also by using diagrams, illustrations, and videos. Especially in science and social studies (history), studying together with video images makes it easier to visualize and memorize terms. Nowadays, there are channels on YouTube that provide easy-to-understand explanations. Let's combine memorization by watching with memorization by writing. Memorization Method 9] Use Sticky Notes We also recommend using sticky notes for memorization. First, write the word on the front, write the answer on the back, and post it in a place where you can see it in your daily life, such as the bathroom or refrigerator. The key is to always post around 10 sticky notes, keeping the ones you get wrong and peeling off the ones you get right after checking the answers to the words and their meanings. Repeating this process will help your memory to stick. Memorization Method 10] Create a word list Matching words is an effective way to memorize. It can be used to memorize historical timelines and mathematical formulas while stimulating the brain. In addition to the standard "Ii-no-Kuni (1192) Tsukurou Kamakura Shogunate" and "Fill up (1851) Te Taihei-Tengoku", you can also make up your own words for terms you find difficult to remember. Memorization Method 11] Reflective Answers If you can get a third party to help you, ask them to give you a question in a question-and-answer format and answer it reflexively. By answering the question immediately, it will be easier to retain the answer in your memory. If you are doing this alone, practice answering questions quickly using sticky notes or check sheets. Memorization Method 12] Use the Squat Study Method The "squat study method," in which you study over and over again, is also useful for memorization. The memorization procedure is as follows (1) Cover the page of words you want to memorize with a checklist or a large sheet of paper, and answer the questions in order (2) If you make a mistake, understand the meaning and start over (3) When you have memorized all the words without making a mistake, move on to the next page. By repeating the above steps (1) to (3), you will be able to consolidate your memory. The squatting study method is an effective method of memorization, as it eliminates one by one the common "I-think-I-remembered-things" that tend to occur in memorization. Memorization Method 13: Use the Mille Crepe Study Method The mille crepe study method is recommended for use in combination with the squat study method. The name "Mille Crepe Study Method" comes from the fact that you study in layers, just like a mille crepe. For example, if you want to memorize 30 words in 2 days, follow the steps below. (1) Memorize 30 words in one day (2) Memorize 30 new words on the second day (3) Review the 30 words memorized on the first day Repeat steps (1) through (3) until you reach your target number of words. When you think you have memorized all the words, start over again from day 1 for the second week. Memorization Method 14: Use the Memory Palace Memory Technique There is a method of memorization using Memory Palace Mnemonics. In Memory Palace, you place the things you want to memorize in buildings. You order the streets and buildings that you see in your daily life and associate the location with what you want to memorize. For example, let's say that when you leave your house in the morning, you set the entrance as 1 and the street in front of your house as 2. You then set up the words you want to remember for each location. The key is to include a story that weaves a strong image or emotion around each location. Tying it to an unrealistic story will leave an impact on your memory. Memorization Method 15] Use an Application Nowadays, there is a way to memorize using an app on your smart phone. The advantage of using an app is that you can memorize in your spare time while commuting to and from school or work. Also, they do not require bulky luggage like reference books or notebooks. There are an increasing number of apps that allow you to record and highlight your study results, so you can choose the one that best suits your purpose. Back to Table of Contents Subject-Specific Memorization Recommendations Memorization methods vary depending on the subject matter covered. Next, let's look at the recommended memorization methods for each subject. Japanese In addition to writing, Japanese involves memorizing kanji characters. When memorizing kanji, it is important to first read the kanji aloud. Writing the kanji after reading it aloud will make it more effective. Also, simply reading books and familiarizing yourself with kanji will help your memory to stick. If you are not good at Japanese, choose a book of your favorite genre and read it once. Arithmetic and mathematics In the case of arithmetic and mathematics, you must learn how to use and apply formulas rather than memorize them. Being able to explain to a third party how you solved a problem using a formula will help you remember. Ancient Japanese In ancient Japanese, it is important to memorize words and phrases repeatedly. It is effective to increase the amount of memorization, so it works well with the squatting study method and the mille crepe study method, which allow you to memorize many words at once. In addition, the ancient Japanese language has unique rhythms and phrases. As with kanji, memorizing them aloud will help you remember them. Science For science, we recommend using diagrams, illustrations, and videos as a method of memorization. There are many aspects of science that can only be understood or experienced visually, such as diagrams and experiments. It is often difficult to understand just by memorizing words, and it will not lead to memory retention unless you understand the underlying "why this is so. Society (History) In social studies, try to memorize not only one matter, but also the content associated with it. For history, you can memorize the chronology of the year by using a word list. While using reference books, seek a method that is easy for you to remember. Also, watching movies, dramas, documentaries, etc. will help you memorize naturally with interest. If you are interested in something, it will be easier to grasp the cause-and-effect relationships and timelines before and after. English English vocabulary is the most important part of English that needs to be memorized. Instead of memorizing only one English word, you can memorize related synonyms and opposites by relating them to each other. Also, try to memorize them together with example sentences. If you know how the word is actually used, it will be easier to visualize the word and retain it in your memory. Back to Table of Contents The Mechanism of Memorization Memorization is largely related to brain memoryThe brain has two types of memory: short-term memory, which stores information temporarily, and long-term memory, which fixes information for a long time. In memorization, it is said that it is important to change this short-term memory into long-term memory as much as possible. By inserting information repeatedly during a certain period of time, the brain makes the mistake of thinking that the information is something to be remembered with priority. According to an experiment conducted by Hermann Ebbinghaus, a 19th century German psychologist, people forget 66% of what they have learned after one day. (Ebbinghaus' Forgetting Curve) Therefore, it is important to repeat and memorize through repetition using the squat study method, the mille crepe study method, and so on. Back to Table of Contents Tips for Efficient Learning We have introduced specific memorization methods. Next, let's look at tips on how to memorize them efficiently. Stimulate the five senses Stimulating the five senses activates the brain and increases memorization. Those who have trouble remembering may just be following the text with their eyes and not using auditory information. By speaking out loud and moving your body, you will be able to memorize more efficiently. Memorize repeatedly The brain has a "hippocampus" where information is imprinted as long-term memory by repeating it over and over again. Therefore, try to memorize the same words and terms over and over again. Even if you think you have memorized a word or term, it becomes difficult to recall it after a few days. Don't try to memorize them all at once. It is not effective to try to memorize everything at once and cram it into your head. This is because there is a limit to how much a person can memorize in a day. Know that you cannot memorize everything right away, and repeat the lesson little by little every day to consolidate it in your memory. Get a good night's sleep. Memorization should be done with a good night's sleep. This is because lack of sleep will greatly reduce your concentration and memory, and you will not be able to fully benefit from the program. In addition, the human brain works to organize and consolidate what it has memorized during sleep. The best time to consolidate memories is immediately after waking up in the morning when the brain is in its freshest state, or at night before bedtime. Eat a brain-healthy diet. To memorize efficiently, eat a brain-healthy diet. In particular, blue fish contains DHA (docosahexaenoic acid), which activates the brain and helps with memorization. Fruits containing vitamin C and soybeans, which help memory and concentration, are also recommended. Combining Memorization Methods Let's combine the memorization methods introduced in this article. If you use only one memorization method, it tends to become monotonous and you will get bored. The point is to combine them in a way that allows you to use all of your senses. Choose memorization methods such as writing, reading, and physical exercise. Be interested in As much as possible, be interested in the genre you are memorizing. If you have an interest, you will be able to memorize while maintaining motivation. For example, for English, you can watch foreign dramas or foreign movies, and for science, you can visit museums or watch explanatory videos. If you are not good at a certain genre, you can ask your friends, acquaintances, or teachers how they memorize. Take advantage of your golden hours. It is said that there are other golden hours besides the morning when the brain can easily input information: before meals and before going to bed. Memorized information on an empty stomach is more likely to be input because the brain judges it to be life-threatening information. It is also effective to memorize before going to bed because the brain organizes information during sleep. It is important to be conscious of the time you memorize. Back to Table of Contents SUMMARY We have presented 15 recommended memorization methods and tips for efficient learning. It is important to memorize by reading aloud and using various useful tools, not just by following the words with your eyes. Recommended memorization methods differ for each subject, so be sure to choose the most effective one based on the genre you wish to memorize. Our e-learning system "learningBOX" can conduct e-learning studies and tests using memorization cards. You can also repeat the study and keep track of your grades, so you can keep track of how well you are absorbing what you have learned. The system is easy to use and low-cost, so it is sure to be useful for you. We also offer a free plan that you can try for free, so please feel free to start with a free trial. ▼Here's another recommendation! Also read Back to Table of Contents
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How to Create an Effective Survey Questionnaire

If you work for a company, you probably have the opportunity to create or answer questionnaires within your company. If you know what is going on in your workplace, you can improve employee satisfaction and identify problems. Furthermore, the results may lead to a reduction in employee turnover. They are also useful for conducting customer satisfaction and service surveys. Surveys are essential for both internal and external use, but it is important to know the points to keep in mind when creating them. In this article, we would like to introduce in detail the points to keep in mind when creating a survey within your company. If you are creating a survey within your company or are planning to do so in the future, please take a look at this article for reference. Table of Contents 01How to Create a Questionnaire to Understand the Current State of Your Company STEP1: Set the purpose of the survey STEP2: Set the questions to be asked STEP3: Set the types of questions STEP4: Set up the order of the questions STEP5: Create the text of the questions STEP6: Prepare the options STEP7: Final confirmation 02Example of Questionnaire (Template) ①Employee satisfaction questionnaire 2) 360-degree evaluation Stress check 03Points to consider when creating an internal questionnaire Be sure to include items related to basic information. Provide "Other" as an option. Do not mix similar choices. Be aware of the two-factor theory when creating employee satisfaction questionnaires. Explain the meaning of the questionnaire to employees. 04【Reference】Request text for internal questionnaires Example 1 Example Sentence 2 05【Reference】The use of the Web is recommended for in-house surveys. Increased collection rate Resulting in cost reduction 06Summary How to create a questionnaire to understand the current situation in your company It is important to create a questionnaire that will help you understand the current situation in your company and lead to improvements in the work environment. The following is a seven-step process for creating a specific questionnaire. STEP1: Set the purpose of the survey As a prerequisite, establish the purpose of why the survey is being conducted. Are the employees familiar with the management policies? Are there any dissatisfaction with the current working style? Are human relations with superiors and subordinates good? By taking a survey, you can obtain a variety of information as described above. Setting objectives is the most important factor in understanding the current situation in the company and resolving issues. STEP2: Set the questions to be asked Based on the set objectives, consider the questions to be asked. After creating the general framework of the survey, such as whether to use a choice or descriptive format, it is easier to think about the actual questions to be asked. Try to keep the questions as small as possible, so that they can be answered in about five minutes, which will make it easier for the employees to get the content in their heads and not overload them. After the survey is completed, the data will need to be analyzed, so the questions should be designed to be easy for the creator to analyze. STEP3: Set the question types Set the type of question to be asked. The following types of questions are mainly used in in-house surveys. Radio button type Check box type Matrix type Scale Type Text Box Create your survey using a combination of types as needed. Radio Button Type Radio buttons are the most popular type of survey. It is a circular button with the middle cut out, and is used when you want respondents to answer only one question. How do you commute to the office? Walking 0 Bicycle 0 Train 0 Bus 0 Other Check box type The checkbox type is used when you want to receive multiple responses. Use the square button with the middle out to indicate "multiple responses allowed. Please tell us what stresses you out (multiple answers allowed). □ Job description □ Relationships □ Commute time □ Overtime work □ Other Scale Type The scale is a type of scale that is used when you want to check the degree of satisfaction of an employee. It is often used to find out the level of satisfaction and feedback from employees. For example, "Are you satisfied with your current salary? 5-point scale Satisfied 0 Somewhat satisfied 0 Neither satisfied nor dissatisfied 0 Somewhat dissatisfied 0 Dissatisfied Matrix Type The matrix type is used when multiple items are asked to be answered with the same choices. It is often used when you want to ask the same question all at once. What is important to you in your work? 5 steps Applies to Somewhat applicable Can't say either way Does not apply to me very much Does not apply to me Outcome 0 Zero Zero Zero Zero human relations 0 Zeros Zero 0 0 Welfare 0 Zero 0 0 0 Text Box Type A textbox is an open-ended type. They may be placed at the end of the survey if you want to ask a previous question in more detail, or to get free opinions. Please tell us why you answered the question as shown in Q0. STEP 4: Align the order Align your internal survey in an order that makes it easy to answer. Respondents will feel uncomfortable if they have to think carefully or if difficult questions are asked first. Therefore, questions that are difficult to answer should be placed last. Also, placing questions out of order can cause a "carryover effect," where the earlier questions affect the answers to the later questions, which can reduce the accuracy of the analysis. It is important to consider the order of the questions so that they are easy for respondents to answer and for the creator to analyze. STEP5: Create question text Create the question text according to the question type. It should be written in simple, neutral language, avoiding words that are unfamiliar to the respondent and wordy phrases. The key is to keep the questions brief and easy to understand, with only one or two lines. STEP6: Prepare options Prepare appropriate options. Generally speaking, it is advisable to prepare at least 5 questions and at most 15 questions, depending on the content of the question. Try to prepare as many options as possible, since similar options make it difficult for the respondent to answer the question. STEP7: Final confirmation After completing Steps 1 through 6, be sure to do a final check. We will check for typographical errors and omissions, and that the text is easy to understand. Especially for internal questionnaires, be careful not to create a poor quality questionnaire, as this can lead to a loss of trust among employees. Back to Table of Contents Sample Questionnaire (Template) Let's take a look at some sample templates to see what kind of questionnaires are actually used in companies. In this section, we will introduce three templates that are often used for internal questionnaires: "Employee Satisfaction Questionnaire," "360-degree evaluation," and "Stress Check. Employee Satisfaction Questionnaire 1. what is your gender? 2. What is your age? 3. 3. what department do you belong to? 4. how long have you been with us? How many years have you been with the company? 5. How challenging is your current job? 6. How satisfied are you with the relationships in your current job? 7. How satisfied are you with your current job? 8. How much would you recommend your current job to a friend? 9. How much do the following items apply to you? (e.g., "freedom and discretion," "results and cooperation," etc.) 10. 10. would you like to continue working at your current place of employment? 11. if you have any problems or requests regarding your current workplace, please feel free to write them down (free answer). (Free description) The Employee Satisfaction Questionnaire provides information on job satisfaction and ease of working. By analyzing the results, it is possible to improve the workplace environment and prevent a decline in the retention rate. (2) 360-degree evaluation 1. what is your gender? 2. what is your age? 3. what department do you belong to? 4. how long have you been with us? 4. how many years have you been with the company? (5) What is your position in relation to Mr. 00? (6) How does the following apply to Mr. 00? (6) How much do the following apply to you? (e.g., honesty, responsibility, creativity, cooperativeness, etc.) 7. Finally, please feel free to write your opinion about Mr. 00. (Free description) A 360-degree evaluation is conducted on employees with whom you have a working relationship and is a method of evaluating a specific subject. By having the subject of the evaluation viewed from the perspective of someone in a different position, information about the subject's abilities and skills can be gathered. The questionnaire also has the advantage of providing an objective evaluation and allowing the employee to notice areas for improvement. Stress Check Please put a "0" in the most applicable item. 4. A. I would like to ask you about your job. (applies Somewhat applies Somewhat does not apply Not applicable)   I have a lot of work 2. it requires constant concentration 3. I can work at my own pace 4. 3. I can work at my own pace 4. the work suits me, etc. B. We would like to ask you about your condition. (Always Often Sometimes Almost never) 1.   1. energetic 2. irritable 3. always anxious 4. lack of appetite, etc. C. Please tell us about your relationships. (Very much Quite a lot Somewhat or not at all) 1.   1. have you ever asked your boss for advice about work?  2. have you ever talked to your coworkers about work?  Have you ever consulted with a friend about work? 4.  Have you ever talked to your family about work? etc. D. We would like to ask you about your level of satisfaction. (Satisfied Somewhat satisfied Somewhat dissatisfied Dissatisfied) Stress checks are now mandatory in workplaces with 50 or more employees as a result of revisions to the Occupational Health and Safety Law. By conducting the questionnaire on a regular basis, we can learn about employees' mental health problems and aim to create a safe and secure work environment. Back to Table of Contents Points to Consider When Creating an Internal Questionnaire Here are five key points to look for when creating an internal questionnaire. Be sure to include items related to basic information. Include "other" as an option. Do not mix similar choices. Utilize the two-factor theory in employee satisfaction questionnaires Explain the meaning of the survey to employees. Be sure to include items related to basic information In the first half of the survey, be sure to include items related to basic information. This is because it will allow for detailed categorization of attributes and analysis of individual trends. In the case of an internal survey, this would include gender, job title, department, length of service, etc. Include "Other" in the options. The "Other" option should be included in the choices. If there is no "Other," respondents may not be able to answer any of the questions. However, if there are only a few options, most respondents will choose "Other. The key is to set an appropriate number of items and then provide an "Other" option. Do not mix similar choices. Do not include answers with similar content in the choices. For example, "friend" and "acquaintance," which can be interpreted differently by different people. Putting them in the same option may cause respondents to make different choices and reduce the accuracy of the survey. If you want to include both types of responses in the survey, it is important to use a check box type question rather than a radio button type question. Be aware of the two-factor theory in employee satisfaction surveys. When creating an internal survey, be aware of the two axes proposed by clinical psychologist Frederick Herzberg: the motivational factor and the hygiene factor. Motivational Factors Motivational factors are those that bring satisfaction at work. Motivation to work, such as achievement, recognition, and promotion, fall under motivational factors. By incorporating these factors into your survey, you will be able to find ways to improve employee motivation. Hygiene Factors Hygiene factors are those that bring about a sense of dissatisfaction at work. Salary, relationships, and work environment fall under the category of hygiene factors. By incorporating these factors into your survey, you will be able to clarify "where employees are dissatisfied," and if you take action, you will be able to prevent a decline in turnover. Explain the meaning of the survey to employees. Explain the meaning and purpose of conducting the survey in advance of the in-house survey. If the company's purpose is clear, employees will be more willing to cooperate with the survey. In order to get the true feelings of the employees, be sure to provide information on whether the survey will identify individuals and whether it will affect their personnel evaluation. This will increase the response rate to the survey. Back to Table of Contents Reference] Internal survey request letter Before implementing an internal survey, a preliminary request letter is necessary. A well-crafted request letter will increase the survey response rate. In this section, we will introduce an example of an internal survey request letter sent via e-mail. Example 1 Subject: [Deadline: Monday, February 12, 1:00 p.m.] Request for questionnaire To whom it may concern Thank you for your cooperation. This is 00 from the Human Resources Department. The Human Resources Department would like to request a stress check questionnaire for all employees. The questionnaire form will be sent to you via internal mail, so please take a few minutes out of your busy schedule to respond by e-mail by 1:00 p.m. on Monday, February 12, 2012. Please allow about 20 minutes for a response. Thank you for your cooperation. Example 2 Subject: Request for an internal questionnaire Dear Mr. 00 Request for cooperation in new product questionnaire The Planning Department is currently developing a new product 00. Therefore, we would like to ask you for your impression and image of the appearance of the product in 00. The questionnaire will be sent to you in the attached file, so please reply to it by internal e-mail by 4:00 p.m. on December 10 (Fri.). Please note that the questionnaire is anonymous, and your answers will not be disclosed to any third party. We appreciate your cooperation. The key points to remember when sending an internal survey are to include a closing date and the time it will take to respond. Also, as in the second example, if you include a statement regarding the handling of personal information, respondents will feel more comfortable and will be more likely to answer honestly. Since respondents will be taking time out of their busy schedules to cooperate with your survey, try to make sure that all the details are available in a single email message. Back to Table of Contents Reference] We recommend the use of the Web for in-house surveys. We recommend using the Web for in-house surveys rather than paper surveys (survey forms). In addition to making it easier to tabulate the results, the Web is more suitable for analyzing the results and identifying issues. In addition, the use of a system makes it easier to manage the progress of responses and tabulate results. Other advantages include the following Reduction of typographical errors and omissions Increased response rates resulting in cost savings There are now a variety of free web-based survey services available. Increased collection rate Web-based surveys increase the response rate. Web-based surveys are easier on respondents because they no longer have to print out a survey form and handwrite it, and busy employees can answer on their computers or smartphones while traveling or taking a break, increasing the response rate. Resulting in cost reductions Web-based surveys can lead to significant cost savings. Not only do you save on the cost of printing out the survey forms, but you also save on time since the survey can be distributed simultaneously via email address. Back to Table of Contents Conclusion We have introduced some points to keep in mind while introducing a template on how to create an internal questionnaire. The point of the survey is not only to understand the current situation in the company, but also to provide content that will lead to the resolution of current problems and issues. If you know how to create them, you can use them in a variety of situations, including customer satisfaction surveys, as well as within your company. Web-based internal questionnaires have more advantages than written ones, and are now becoming mainstream. Our e-learning system "learningBOX" also includes a questionnaire function, which is easy to use and low-cost. If you are considering creating an in-house questionnaire including e-learning, please feel free to try our free service. We also recommend this service! Also read Back to Table of Contents
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How can companies reduce costs and increase efficiency?

How can companies reduce costs and increase efficiency? For companies, cost reduction is an indispensable element to maximize profits. However, since there are many different types of costs, it is not uncommon for companies to wonder which costs should be reduced and how to achieve cost reduction. This article will discuss specific ways in which companies can reduce costs and increase efficiency. The flow of implementing cost reductions and case studies will also be introduced, so those in charge of companies wishing to reduce costs are encouraged to refer to this article. Click here for Table of Contents Overview of Cost Reduction Flow of Implementing Cost Reduction Three ways to reduce costs Two examples of cost reduction Summary Cost Reduction Overview Cost reduction is the process of reducing wasteful expenses and costs incurred by a company in the course of its operations. Although the types of costs incurred vary from industry to industry, the following items are basically incurred as costs. Personnel costs Recruitment costs Office costs IT equipment costs Among costs, labor costs are particularly difficult to reduce. Personnel costs can be broken down into several categories, including transportation and training costs. It is not uncommon for managers to be concerned about reducing labor costs, as it is the most costly item, but also an essential part of corporate operations. Benefits of Cost Reduction There are a variety of benefits that can be realized if cost reductions can be achieved. Typical examples of benefits include ...can increase profits. Cost reduction is necessary to increase a company's profit. A company's profit is sales minus costs, and the more costs are reduced, the more profit is earned. ... leads to increased operational efficiency. Cost reductions not only increase profits, but also improve operational efficiency. Cost reduction efforts may result in the elimination of wasteful operations as a result of reviewing the way business is conducted. Increased corporate value. Costs saved by cost reduction can be allocated to new business development. If innovation can be realized, corporate value will be enhanced. Flow of Implementing Cost Reductions Cost reductions are generally implemented in the following flow. Assess the current situation and set goals Determination of plan and dissemination of goals Implementation and analysis of the plan Improvement of the plan Each of these steps is explained in detail in this section. Let's make cost reduction a reality by understanding the key points of cost reduction. STEP1: Grasp the current situation and set goals When working on cost reduction, it is important to understand what costs are currently being incurred. Without clarifying what and how much costs are being incurred, it is impossible to determine the types of costs that need to be reduced. It is important to understand the types and amounts of all costs being incurred. It is also essential to set cost reduction goals. If you proceed with cost reduction without setting goals, employees may not know how far they should go and this may lead to a loss of motivation. STEP2: Decide on a plan and communicate the goals After deciding which costs are to be reduced, a cost reduction plan is created. When creating a plan, it is important to make projections to ensure that cost reductions will not cause any disadvantages to the company. If you do not make a forecast, you may end up reducing costs that do not need to be reduced, which may in turn have a negative impact on your company. Employees should be informed of the plan. Cost reductions can sometimes cause inconvenience to employees. Communicating the reasons for and goals of the cost reductions will help employees understand and cooperate. STEP3: Implement and analyze the plan This step is to implement the plan and analyze its effectiveness. Cost reduction efforts do not always produce immediate results. Be sure to check regularly to see what results have been achieved by your efforts. It is important that the analysis of the plan be conducted in a concrete manner. Simply stating that "we did not reach the expected goals" does not clarify the next action to be taken. Make it easy for everyone to check, for example, by expressing the percentage of achievement in figures. STEP4: Improve the plan If cost reductions are not producing the desired results, efforts must be made to improve the plan. First, think of improvement plans and choose the ones that are easy to implement. When considering improvement plans, soliciting ideas from as many employees as possible may generate innovative ideas. It is also important to ask for the cooperation of employees again in situations where improvement ideas are to be implemented. Without the cooperation of each and every employee, it will be difficult to make improvements. Three ways to reduce costs There are three main ways to reduce costs. Each is detailed below. Manualize your operations If you want to proceed with cost reduction, make your operations manual. The first burden for employees is to learn their work. If the work is not manualized, the content of training may vary from trainer to trainer. As a result, employees may have questions about the content of the training, and extra time may be required to resolve them. If the work is manualized and a separate manual for training is prepared, training can be implemented relatively smoothly. Going paperless Another way to reduce expenses is to promote a paperless work environment. Costs can be reduced if IT-based business processes can be implemented, such as using chat tools and sending documents in PDF format instead of paper. However, promoting a paperless workflow tends to take time. Let's start with something easy to start with, such as proactively using lined paper. Use e-learning One way is to use e-learning so that employees can study on their own. With e-learning, learners can use digital devices such as smartphones and tablets to study when and where they want. There are many advantages, such as no need to gather employees for training and development, and no costs incurred in preparing materials. Company personnel who want to reduce training and development costs should consider using e-learning. Two Cost Reduction Case Studies When working to reduce costs, it is important to review case studies ahead of time. Here are two examples of successful cost reductions. Case 1: Big A Co. Big A Co., Ltd. is a company that operates a number of hard discount stores nationwide. The company had previously faced the problem of spending too much time on training. The company changed from paper manuals to manuals that allow users to check the contents with images and videos using smartphones, thereby reducing the amount of training time. Case 2: EarlyCross Tax Corporation EarlyCross, a licensed tax accounting firm, hired inexperienced staff and had to train them on the same content each time they were hired. Therefore, the company introduced a system that makes it easy to create manuals, and as a result, succeeded in reducing the time required for human resource development. If you want to create manuals that are easy for your employees to understand and highly effective in educating them, you can use learningBOX. learningBOX has many effective features for manual creation, including the ability to grasp the learner's learning status at a glance and the use of a quiz format to increase the learner's level of understanding. The quiz format can be used to increase learner comprehension. SUMMARY In addition to the methods and processes for reducing training and development costs, this article has also introduced the benefits of cost reduction and case studies. Cost reduction is important for companies. Cost reduction has a variety of benefits, such as increased profits and operational efficiency, so let's work on it as much as we can. Due to the impact of the new coronavirus, online education is now the mainstream. If you want to work on online education, we recommend learningBOX, which can achieve effective development and training even online! First, try our free plan, which is available for up to 10 users, including the administrator, free of charge.  
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What is "Japanese-style school education in harmony"? Thinking about the future of education

Greetings, I am Yoshimoto of the Quality Control Section, having joined the company in August. This is my first blog post. I look forward to working with you. Have you ever heard of the term "Japanese-style school education in 2021"? I am sure that everyone in the education field has heard of it, but I suspect that many of you have either never heard of it or have heard of it but do not know much about it. It is good to know what kind of education the children who will support Japan in the future will receive. In this article, we would like to introduce to you the outline of "Japanese-style school education in 2021" and the future of education in Japan. Table of Contents 01Introduction 02What is Japanese School Education? 03New Movements for the Future of 2021 Steady Implementation of New Courses of Study Reform of Work Styles in Schools GIGA School Concept 04 The "Japanese-style school education of 2021" that should be realized throughout the 2020s Children's Learning Teachers and Staff Environment that supports children's learning and teaching staff 05What is "Individual Optimal Learning" and "Collaborative Learning Individualized learning Collaborative learning 06Conclusion Introduction The "2021 Japanese School Education" was born out of the Central Council for Education (Chukyo-kan), an organization of experts established by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT). When the Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, who is in charge of educational administration, enacts an important policy, he or she first asks the Chukyo Council for its opinion in the form of a "consultation. The Chukyo-kyo Council deliberates repeatedly and releases a report in the form of a "report. In January 2021, the Chukyo Council, which plays an important role in the future of education in Japan, issued its "Report" in the form of the phrase "Japanese-style school education in 2021. Back to Table of Contents What is Japanese School Education? Before considering "Japanese-style school education in 2021," we would like to introduce what Japanese-style school education has been in the past. In its "Report," the Central Council for Education defines Japanese-style school education as school education that nurtures children's intellect, virtue, and body in an integrated manner. The three elements of knowledge, virtue, and body are as follows. Knowledge: Ensuring opportunities for learning and academic ability. Virtue: Ensuring human development and growth. Body: Ensuring physical and mental health. The report also outlines the achievements and challenges of Japanese-style school education to date. ▼ Outcomes Internationally top-class academic performance Narrowing regional differences in academic achievement High level of normative and moral awareness ▼ Challenges Diversification of children Delayed response to information technology Decline in students' motivation to learn Declining birthrate and population Long working hours for teachers Response to infectious diseases Back to Table of Contents New Movements for the Future of 2021 Our goal is to realize a new era of school education that inherits and further develops the advantages of "Japanese-style school education. The following three new movements toward the future of 2025 are shown below. Steady implementation of the new Courses of Study The Courses of Study are curriculum standards established by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology and revised every 10 years. The new curriculum will be fully implemented in elementary schools from FY2020, junior high schools from FY2021, and high schools from FY2022 on an annual basis. Reform of Work Styles in Schools Recently, long working hours for teachers and staff have become an issue, and the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) is working to solve this problem. GIGA School Concept The GIGA School Concept is an initiative by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) to provide one computer and high-speed network for each student in Japan. The reform is being promoted based on three pillars, including not only the development of the hardware environment, but also "software" such as digital textbooks and AI (artificial intelligence) drills that allow students to individually concentrate on areas of weakness, and the strengthening of "instructional systems" that utilize outside personnel such as local instructor training and ICT support personnel. Back to Table of Contents Japanese School Education in the 2021's In its report, the Council of Central Educational Councils (Chuikyo-kyo) states that the ideal of "Japanese-style school education in the 2030s," which it aims to realize through the 2020s, is "the realization of individualized, optimal learning and collaborative learning that draws out the potential of all children. The school education "Japanese-style school education" aims to realize through the 2020s. The report also outlines the ideal to be realized from the three perspectives of "children," "teachers and staff," and "an environment that supports children's learning and teachers and staff. Children's learning Optimal individualized learning" and "cooperative learning" are integrated and enhanced. The learning goals of each school level have been realized. Teachers and staff Accepts changes in the environment in a positive way and continues to learn throughout his/her teaching life A teacher who maximizes each child's learning Able to support children's independent learning as a companion. Environment that supports children's learning and faculty ICT environments are enhancing instruction and support and improving the efficiency of school work in schools across the country. School education environments that support learning in the new era are being developed. Attractive educational environments are being realized even in areas with declining populations. Back to Table of Contents What is "Individualized Optimal Learning" and "Collaborative Learning"? At first glance, the terms "optimal individualized learning" and "collaborative learning" may seem to be contradictory, but the "Report" indicates that the advantages of both should be combined appropriately. Individualized Optimal Learning The "individualized instruction" will be enhanced through the improvement of instructional methods and systems, the use of ICT environment, and the development of a detailed instructional system with a small number of students. Collaborative learning In order to prevent "optimal individualized learning" from falling into "isolated learning," students should work together with others through inquiry-based learning and experiential activities, respecting others as valuable entities and combining different ways of thinking to create better learning. In order to realize these goals, ICT is mentioned as being indispensable, and it can be said that schools are about to change. Back to Table of Contents What are "Individualized Optimal Learning" and "Collaborative Learning"? To summarize what has been explained above, "Japanese-style school education in 2021" can be expressed in the form of "Japanese-style school education + new movements => Japanese-style school education in 2021". In addition, it can be said that "Japanese-style school education in Reiwa" aims to realize individualized, optimal learning and collaborative learning that draws out the potential of all children. The outline of "Japanese-style school education in 2021" that we have introduced here may provide a hint for those who are involved in various aspects of education as well as school education, to think about the future of education. Reference] Aiming to Establish a "Japanese-Style School Education in 2021" (Report) [General Commentary] / Aiming to Establish a "Japanese-Style School Education in 2021" (Report) [Summary] (in Japanese) We also recommend this! Also read Back to Table of Contents
How to create and add a block shuffling game

How to create and add a SCORM-compliant "block shuffling game

How to create and add a SCORM-compliant "Block Crashing Game"? Hello! This is Kobashi🌵 from Development. The temperature has dropped dramatically over the past few days, and the mornings and evenings have become colder. The season is slowly turning into autumn, and the year will be over in two months at the earliest. In this article, we would like to introduce a SCORM-compliant block-crunching game that will make autumn even more enjoyable. Our e-learning system [learningBOX] is a SCORM 1.2 compliant LMS! Therefore, if you add a code to send learning data to the LMS, you can have users use it as learning materials. Click here for Table of Contents 1. What exactly is SCORM? 2. SCORM-compatible block-crunching games 3. learningBOX is an LMS that supports SCORM materials 4. summary What exactly is SCORM? SCORM is an e-learning standard that defines the specifications for combining an LMS (Learning Management System) and teaching materials. SCORM was developed by Advanced Distributed Learning in the U.S. In Japan, the Japan E-Learning Consortium certifies LMSs and content, as well as SCORM-related qualifications. SCORM-compliant materials can be used in a SCORM-compliant LMS. Purpose of SCORM ▼ SCORM has two main objectives. 1. to register teaching materials in the system 2. to exchange grades and other information between teaching materials and the system If you want to know more about SCORM, please click here [What is SCORM]. SCORM-compliant block-crunching game The content introduced here is not so much a teaching tool as it is a game. Please watch this video first! About the details of the "Block Crashing Game The "Block Crashing Game" introduced here is a slightly modified version of the one published by MDN Web Docs using "Canvas". If you know some javascript and html, please give it a try. Reference: https://developer.mozilla.org/ja/docs/Games/Tutorials/2D_Breakout_game_pure_JavaScript/Mouse_controls The changes to the block-crunching game are here. The game was automatically repeated after the game was over. The game was automatically repeated after the game was finished. To make the score 100 points, the number of blocks was changed from 15 to 20 for easier calculation, and 5 points were added per block. The message at the end of the game was changed from an alert to a text display. Changed to mouse operation only. learningBOX is an LMS compatible with SCORM materials SCORM materials can be quickly reproduced by anyone who has written simple programs. You can download the block-crunching game from here. Once you have downloaded the content, let's check the actual operation on learningBOX. ⇒Check it out! Let's check how the block-crunching game works! Try the block-breaking game from the learning screen! The learning status of the material will change to Pass or Fail. After learning, the grade data will be reflected. Checking the grade data of the block-crunching game Since learningBOX is a SCORM compliant LMS, grade data is also stored. The administrator can check the user's course history on the grade management screen, and can also download grade data in CSV format. The grading criteria for this block-crunching game is 80 points or higher for passing the course. For more information on how to view and overview the grade management, please refer to the grade management page here. Let's customize the block-crunching game! When you are learning content, you may find that you want to modify it in various ways, such as "I would like this kind of movement better here. If you have a basic knowledge of Javascript, let's customize the contents to your own specifications! Example of customization) Change the criteria for acceptance. Change the speed of the ball Change the number of blocks Change the number of blocks. Try changing the start button so that the game starts when the button is pressed. Try changing the game to a different one Please click here to read articles related to ▼SCORM materials. Summary You can create game-like flexible contents by importing handmade SCORM teaching materials. With learningBOX, you can publish your own games, set up ranking displays, and more! The "Block Crashing Game" introduced here is just one example, but you can publish your one-of-a-kind program on learningBOX! With learningBOX, you can create a wide variety of SCORM-compliant content simply by adding SCORM. Why don't you start by creating simple SCORM contents while having fun? Our e-learning system is easy for learners to use. If you are interested in implementing an e-learning system or using SCORM materials as learning content, please give our learningBOX a try. You can use learningBOX for up to 10 accounts for free for an unlimited period of time. ⇒Try our free plan Thank you for reading this article.
Hash function, stretching salt

Hash function, stretching salt

Hello. Hello. My name is Nishimura. It is the end of the fiscal year and I am very busy, but I am managing. I don't know my password. One of the inquiries to the support team of learningBOX is "I forgot my password, can you tell me? I've forgotten my password. Customers may think, "If you are the service operator, you should at least know your password, right? However, in fact, we have no way of knowing what is set in the password. Passwords are hashed In learningBOX, passwords are hashed and stored. Hashing is the process of performing some operation on the original value to create a value whose characteristics are known, but whose original value is not. For example, consider a hashing function that "finds the sum of each digit for an integer. It is easy to find the left-to-right value, but not the right-to-left value, right? This is called the one-way nature of hash functions. In the above example, the left value cannot be guessed from the right value, but it is not safe for a password authentication system because the left value can be easily obtained such that the right value is the same. How difficult it is to guess the right value is said to be collision-resistant or collision-safe, and it is important to use an appropriate hash function. Stretching to buy time. Brute force attack. A so-called brute force attack, in which any password can be broken if every possible password is tried. Stretching is a method to extend the time required for this brute force attack. Modern CPUs are fast; GPUs are even faster. A GPU at the level of a mere gaming PC can do 10TFlops, or about 10 trillion calculations per second. 100,000 hash functions can be executed 100 million times per second. In other words, an 8-digit password can be broken in one second. That's not good. If alphabets and numbers are used, it might take a day or so, but it can be broken in a day. That's not good. So, there is stretching. Stretching is a method of buying time by repeatedly passing the hash function through. 1024 times will stretch one day to 1024 days. It is safe there. Salt and safe. Even though it takes 1024 days, that is on a gaming PC. If you have a $10 billion budget, you can break it. It's a piece of cake. With a budget of 10 billion yen, you can create a magic reverse dictionary, such as the Rainbow Table, which will find the hash value after stretching for all possible passwords up to 10 digits. (To counteract this, we sprinkle salt on the passwords. This will prevent a reverse lookup attack by the rainbow table. Of course, it is possible to break this password if 10 billion yen is poured in to break it, but it is a matter of balance. Online and Offline Attacks Stretching and Salt was, in fact, talking about offline attacks. An offline attack is a method in which hashed values are leaked to the outside world and a brute force password estimation is performed on the PC against the hashed values. It may sound light to say that the hashed value has been leaked, but at this point, it is an information leakage incident. It is not an incident, but an accident. It is a serious situation. In order to prevent such a situation from occurring, development processes are being established, coding rules are being thoroughly enforced, code reviews are being conducted, and vulnerability assessments are being performed. On the other hand, "online attacks" are easy to execute. An online attack is an attempt to log in by entering an ID and password at the login screen. Anyone can do it. Preventing Online Attacks: Limit the Number of Times If you make a mistake in your password N times, lock your login. Since learningBOX 2.10.x, it is possible to set a limit on the number of times a password can be mistyped. Preventing online attacks: Two-factor authentication LearningBOX can notify you by e-mail of an additional authentication key if your ID and password are entered correctly. By using this function, unauthorized login is not possible unless the login authentication is broken in the mailbox to which the authentication key is sent. Prevent online attacks: IP address restriction By signing up for learningBOX as a dedicated server, you can restrict the IP address from which you can connect. This means that you can restrict connections to only those from your company. Finally Security technology is constantly advancing. It is important not to be satisfied with what you have learned once, but to keep on acquiring new knowledge. In addition, you can efficiently acquire overarching knowledge by obtaining official certifications such as the Information Security Management Examination and the Information Technology Security Assistants Examination. Although I am also non-registered, I have taken and passed the Information Security Assistance for Information Processing exam. ✌
Digital textbooks to start soon

[Full-scale introduction in 2024] Thorough explanation of the digital textbooks that will start soon!

Full-scale introduction in 2024] In-depth explanation of digital textbooks now, which will start soon! My name is Kidaoka, and I am in charge of marketing. I find myself entering my third year of life in Hyogo Prefecture! With the start of the new fiscal year, our company has gained yet another new member and is becoming more and more active. To all of our new members, let's make the company thrive together from here on out! Putting aside the chit-chat, I'd like to get right into the contents of this issue. For those of you who work in the school industry! Digital textbooks will be available in the near future. The Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology is steadily preparing for the introduction of digital textbooks by the year 2024. In this article, we will introduce digital textbooks, which are likely to become a pillar of education in the future. We look forward to your continued support in this article. Click here for Table of Contents 1. The "age of digital textbooks" is coming. 2. Advantages of Introducing Digital Textbooks 3. ICT Education in Japan toward the Realization of Digital Textbooks 4. Changing School Education with "IT" x "Education"! 5. Conclusion The "age of digital textbooks" is coming! Digital textbooks, whose introduction was institutionalized in April 2019, are electronic learning materials that are recorded directly from paper textbooks. Digital textbooks are literally learning materials designed for digital devices and information terminals such as PCs, tablets, and smartphones. Although most people have the impression that they are digital versions of books and reference books that have been used in the classroom, digital textbooks are convenient textbooks that allow students to edit and write in the textbook and connect to the Internet. According to the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, digital textbooks are proposed as follows Digital textbooks are defined as "electromagnetic records that contain the entire content of a paper textbook." This is defined as Quote: Institutionalization of Digital Textbooks for Learners / from MEXT Institutionalization of Digital Textbooks for Learners Starts in April 2019 In April 2019, the "Act for Partial Revision of the School Education Act, etc." came into effect. This law is intended to introduce digital textbooks for learners in elementary schools, junior high schools, high schools, and special-needs schools for the purpose of improving classes and assisting learning based on the new Courses of Study to be implemented in FY2020. Institutionalization has made it possible for classes to be taught using digital textbooks in combination with paper textbooks while dealing mainly with paper textbooks. Laws and regulations related to the institutionalization of digital textbooks are as follows 1. Act for Partial Revision of the School Education Act, etc. (Act No. 39 of 2008) 2. Ministerial Ordinance Partially Amending the Enforcement Regulations of the School Education Law (Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Ordinance No. 35, 2008) 3. Ordinance on the use of teaching materials prescribed in Article 34, Paragraph 2 of the School Education Law (Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Notification No. 237, 2008) Reference: From "Summary of Laws and Regulations Concerning the Institutionalization of Digital Textbooks for Learners" by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. Advantages of Introducing Digital Textbooks The full-scale introduction of digital textbooks will bring about significant changes in the educational field and in the way classes are conducted at schools. It is expected that the one-way teaching style from teacher to student that is currently the mainstay of education will be replaced by an interactive style where children learn independently and teachers provide support. Even if the content is difficult to convey through textual information alone, information can be pinpointed to "visual and auditory" senses through the use of IT technology, allowing for efficient learning while having fun at the same time. It is expected that easy-to-understand lessons using images, animations, and videos will "increase children's interest and attention" and motivate them to learn even more. Advantages of Digital Textbooks (for Learners/Administrators) Digital textbooks are equipped with many functions. Here are some of the features and advantages of digital textbooks in detail. Advantages for Learners 1. No need for correction pens, so you can easily write and edit as many times as you like. 2. Audio and video are available for learning. 3. Visualization of individual learning progress and performance history Eliminates the need to carry textbooks and notebooks In addition, if classes can be taught using only digital textbooks, a single tablet can replace all textbooks, reducing the burden on students' luggage. Focused support for students with learning disabilities Students with learning disabilities and visually impaired students will be able to receive support that was not possible with conventional textbooks, such as "text enlargement, text color change, and voice reading out loud. Advantages for Instructors 1. Easily review classes conducted in the past 2. Easy-to-understand lessons can be conducted with a high degree of freedom. 3. Digital textbooks can be used to improve the quality of education by providing access to class records and numerical data on student learning. 4. Learning information can be shared, improving the efficiency of class preparation. To briefly summarize the features of digital textbooks, they allow students to "learn while deepening their knowledge through text, audio, video, and various data. In addition, it is expected that digital textbooks can be used to promote deeper understanding that is not possible with conventional textbooks, for example, by allowing children to research their individual questions in more detail on the Internet. ICT Education in Japan for Realization of Digital Educational Materials ICT education refers to educational methods that utilize the Internet and other information and communication technologies, such as PCs, smartphones, and tablet terminals. The history of ICT education was developed by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology in 2005 as an instructional method to realize "easy-to-understand classes" for students. Through the effective use of ICT in educational instruction, we aim to improve children's independent and inquisitive learning and academic skills. In fact, many schools that have adopted this teaching method have reported improvements in students' motivation to learn and academic performance. Reference: Effectiveness of ICT-based education - from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Why is ICT education necessary now? The reason why ICT education is attracting attention is related to the rapid development of information and communication technology. In order to cope with today's rapidly changing society, "information utilization skills" are becoming increasingly important. Today, the Internet has become widespread and information is easily accessible. As technology advances in the future, it will become more important to know how to gather information efficiently, rather than to have knowledge as was done in conventional education. For more information on ICT education, please refer to this article. GIGA School Concept: The Role of Schools in the Age of 2021 by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) The GIGA School Concept refers to a reform plan for ICT education in schools proposed by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) in 2019. GIGA stands for "Global and Innovation Gateway for All" and aims to pave the way for globalization and innovation for all students. For children living in the age of 2021, the use of ICT-based advanced technology in education will be indispensable in the future. In addition, in order to survive in this era of rapid change, it is important to realize not only conventional simultaneous education, but also individually optimized education that fosters creativity, leaving no one behind among diverse children, and it is necessary to nurture the next generation of human resources through ICT education. Changing school education through "IT" × "Education learningBOX", an e-learning system from Tatsuno Information System, Inc. is a learning management system that can be easily set up to "add/create/manage digital teaching materials" and is ideal for the "GIGA School Concept". LearningBOX is "an e-learning system designed to make it easy for anyone to build a web-based learning environment," and is easy to start using in terms of both cost and operation. It is a learning management system (LMS) that covers all the functions required for school education, such as creating learning materials, creating tests, grading, and managing grades, and can create e-learning materials with a focus on price and ease of use. The system also allows users to create their own original typing materials, as well as a web-based version of the "Red Sheet," a standard memorization tool, called the "Mushigai Notebook. (Official website: https://learningbox.online/) Easy to operate, even without technical knowledge! Even those who are not good at PC operation can easily add contents to learningBOX through the dedicated creation form, and it is also possible to set up distribution by groups. Detailed settings tailored to each user are possible, such as course settings for teaching materials, group management of learners, and a function to distribute teaching materials to each group. Using the ▼learningBOX function, printed materials can also be easily digitized. We also recommend the "Quiz" and "Report Assignment" functions, which can be conducted on the web. Starting with the version 2.12 of learningBOX, a new function has been added to the quiz function. Using the test creation function, you can easily set a limit on the number of times a test can be conducted, as well as the date and time when the test will be open to the public. You can also hide or show the results of students who are taking the test, depending on your needs. Even 100 accounts can easily be used starting at 33,000 yen per year! Our greatest advantage is that our prices are the lowest in the industry. Most e-learning systems on the market today are very expensive, and most services are mainly designed for large corporations. With our Starter Plan, 100 users can use e-learning for as little as 33,000 yen per year (plus tax), or 2,500 yen per month. The learningBOX concept is a "cheap and easy-to-use" system. Up to 10 accounts can be used "all the time, free of charge This plan allows up to 10 users, including the administrator, to use almost all functions free of charge, with the exception of optional functions that require a fee. To those in charge of school education who are considering introducing this system! Please take this opportunity to try our learningBOX. Conclusion In this article, we have introduced digital textbooks, which are likely to become a pillar of future education. Digital textbooks are teaching materials that promote students' independent learning and have the potential to lead to deeper learning. The introduction of digital textbooks is likely to bring about major changes in the educational field and in the way classes are conducted. The use of ICT-based advanced technology in education will be indispensable for children living in the age of 2022. For those in charge of school education who are considering the introduction of this technology! Please take this opportunity to try our learningBOX.
Human resources education - dx

[2021 Preliminary Report] Corona Damages Accelerate Corporate Initiatives for DX

2021 Flash Report] Corporate DX Initiatives Accelerated by Corona Disaster My name is Kidaoka, and I am in charge of marketing! Recently, I have been seeing the term "DX (Digital Transformation)" more and more frequently on the Internet and TV. Many of you may have a vague idea of the concept of DX, but may find it difficult to explain in words. What is the difference between DX and conventional IT utilization? Why is DX being promoted in Japan? I am sure that many of you have questions such as "What is the difference from the conventional use of IT? The spread of the new coronavirus around the world has prompted many companies around the world to introduce and utilize IT technology to streamline and review their operations. In Japan as well, many companies are advocating the promotion of DX. In this article, we will introduce some points to be aware of in order to promote DX in the future, including an overview of DX, which is currently the focus of much attention, and its merits and demerits. Table of Contents 1. DX (Digital Transformation) that companies are now paying attention to 2. 2025 Cliff 3. Advantages for companies to introduce DX 4. "learningBOX," the optimal human resource education tool for the DX era 5. Summary DX (Digital Transformation) is now the focus of corporate attention. DX is a term that describes "transformation through digital" and refers to the use of IT information technology to transform people's lives for the better. DX is a business term used by companies responding to changes in the digital society as a radical initiative to transform their business models and operations by operating digital technologies such as AI, IoT, and Big Data. A simple explanation of the term here is the concept of "creating new value in existing business processes and business models. In recent years, the term DX has been widely used in the definition of the term "corporate transformation to cope with the digital age by using the latest digital technologies. The Beginning of DX It is said to have started in 2004, when Professor Erik Stolterman of Umeå University in Sweden proposed that "the penetration of IT will change people's lives for the better in all aspects. The term DX began to permeate Japan in the late 2010s. The Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) guidelines define DX as follows ▼ According to the "DX Promotion Guidelines Ver. 1.0 (December 2008)" published by the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI), DX is defined as follows. It recommends that "DX is the process by which companies respond to drastic changes in the business environment and use data and digital technology to transform their products, services, and business models based on the needs of customers and society, as well as their operations themselves, organizations, processes, and corporate culture and climate to establish a competitive advantage." This is the definition in the "Guidelines for Promoting Digital Transformation (Guidelines for Promoting DX). In order to realize DX, the first prerequisite is that "digitization and digitalization" are in progress. What is digitization? Digitization is the process of digitizing and streamlining some of the business processes that are currently performed on a daily basis. It is explained as the use of information technology to improve efficiency, rationalize operations, and add value. It is the process of making analog items digital information, such as by making a business process that used to be carried out with paper and a stamp paperless. What is digitalization? Digitalization is the creation of new business value and customer experience by transforming the company's business model through the use of digital technology. Therefore, digitalization mainly refers to "digitization" itself. The movement of "digitization of business operations" undertaken by a company can be considered as digitalization, and when the digitization of business operations undertaken by a company has an impact on society as a whole, it is defined as DX. *Generally, digitization is seen as the next phase of digitization. The Relationship between Digitization and Digitization Digitization can be broadly classified into two categories: digitization and digitalization. These two can be easily understood if we consider DX as a goal and one of the phases leading up to it. Although there is a big difference between the two terms in terms of local and global digitization, the fundamental concept and goal are the same. For a more detailed explanation of the difference between digitization and digitalization, please see this article. The 2025 Cliff. The 2025 cliff refers to the economic losses estimated to occur if DX is not realized not only in 2025 but also beyond that year. Existing IT systems used in business operations will become "old, bloated, and complex," making it difficult to apply them in business models that match the times. As a result, there is concern that this will reduce the competitiveness of companies and cause significant economic losses. Around 2025, various changes related to IT information systems are expected to occur. According to the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI), companies will lose out to global digital competition, system maintenance and management costs will rise even higher, and losses due to cyber security, accidents, and disasters will cause huge losses amounting to 12 trillion yen annually, according to the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI). DX tips for overcoming the 2025 cliff DX is being advocated as necessary for Japanese companies to overcome the "2025 cliff. DX is a digital reform that transforms business processes and business models using digital technology and creates new business models and growth models beyond them. Advantages for companies to implement DX In today's Japanese companies, awareness of the need for DX is growing, but many companies are still searching for a specific direction on how to transform themselves. The benefits of implementing DX are not limited to cost reduction and productivity improvement in business. By transforming the business model itself, companies can gain a competitive edge and increase their chances of survival in business. Advantage 1: Increased business productivity The introduction of DX will improve business productivity, and as a result, business profitability can be expected to increase. According to the law of increasing returns, "doubling the scale of production improves production efficiency and doubles production volume. Merit 2: Leads to business that responds to changes in consumer behavior In today's world, it is essential to respond to DX in order to develop products that sell. Big data and communication technologies such as AI and 5G, which are utilized in DX, have a great impact on consumer behavior. In order to respond to these times and consumer behavior, DX-enabled products will naturally be needed in the future. If we can prepare new services that satisfy customer demand, our business may expand at once. Another advantage of working on DX is that it enables businesses to respond to changes in consumer behavior. Advantage 3: It will lead to the enhancement of BCP (Business Continuity Plan) Despite the impact of the new coronavirus, there were companies that implemented their BCP (Business Continuity Plan) and increased their profits, and the Nikkei Shimbun reported that "whether or not a company was engaged in DX was the difference between light and dark. For example, furniture retailer Nitori and McDonald's Japan posted the highest profits during the Corona Disaster by strengthening their online sales systems. Walt Disney and Wal-Mart in the U.S. are also supplementing their original mainstay customer attraction with online sales and video streaming businesses. It is important to work on DX as early as possible in order to be prepared for disasters that will require BCPs in the future and to stand out from rival companies. Reference: From "DX Reforms, Companies Clearly Different in Corona," Nihon Keizai Shimbun morning edition, June 4, 2020. Five Common Features of Successful DX Companies What are the characteristics of companies that are succeeding in DX? According to a McKinsey & Company survey, there are five common characteristics. The five common characteristics are The right leaders are digitally savvy and in place in each department. They are improving overall organizational capacity in anticipation of future changes in the workforce. They are implementing new ways of working to improve employee productivity. They are constantly upgrading their company by introducing digital tools on a daily basis. They are gradually transitioning to the new system, while reviewing the old one, rather than introducing new digital systems at random. Reference: From "What do companies that have succeeded in digital transformation have in common? Leading DX companies are performing well According to the "Digital Transformation Issues (DX Issues)" survey released in August 2008 by the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry in collaboration with the Tokyo Stock Exchange, advanced companies engaged in DX initiatives are performing well. Looking at the average return on equity (ROE) over a three-year period, more than 70% of the "DX Issues 2020" companies recognized for their excellent DX efforts achieved ROE of 8% or higher. Reference: From Digital Transformation Issues (DX Issues) LearningBOX, the optimal human resource education tool for the DX era The spread of the new coronavirus has made it imperative for many companies to identify and review their fixed costs and expenses in order to ensure business continuity. In light of this situation, it is highly likely that costs related to human resource development, education, and training will also be subject to cost review in the future. In the wake of the recession caused by the Corona disaster, many companies are considering and implementing cost reviews and reductions in expenses and fixed costs. learningBOX is the e-learning system we recommend for new employee training and in-house training! Our e-learning system is sold at a price range (from 33,000 yen per year for 100 users) that can be introduced not only to large companies, but also to small businesses and small organizations, allowing you to start e-learning from 30,000 yen per year, 1/10 of the industry price. You can use the free plan to fully grasp and check the usability of the system. If you have any of the following problems, learningBOX can solve them! We can't take the time to gather all the trainees together for group training. We don't have the budget to conduct the training over and over again. There is a difference in the level of knowledge acquired by each employee. We have conducted major training programs, but as time goes by, knowledge fades, and it takes time for it to take root. Can people use the system even if they have no knowledge of IT? If there is a difference in usage depending on the age group, it is difficult for the company to introduce and manage the system. Tatsuno Information System Co., Ltd. is an IT system development company headquartered in Tatsuno City, Hyogo Prefecture. ▼Let's take a look at learningBOX application scenarios learningBOX is an e-learning system that has been introduced in a wide variety of industries. On this page, we introduce various business scenarios in which learningBOX is used, such as "in-house training, certification examinations, and sales of learning contents. The concept of learningBOX, that is "we want it to be cheap and easy! learningBOX," Tatsuno Information System's LMS (Learning Management System), is designed not from the developer's perspective but from the user's perspective, and it has an established reputation for its ease of use, for example, even those who are not good at computer operation can intuitively touch and learn its operation. In addition, we listen to the requests of customers who actually use learningBOX and develop new functions and modifications to existing functions on a daily basis. Compared to other companies, none of them upgrade their functions as frequently as we do. What has changed since we introduced learningBOX? Improvements! ⇒Click here for a list of LearningBOX case studies. Conclusion In this article, we have introduced some points to be aware of in order to promote DX in the future, including an overview of DX, which is currently the focus of attention, as well as its merits and demerits. DX is an essential measure for companies to survive in the future. In order to promote DX, it is necessary to introduce new business models, products, and services as a company-wide effort, not merely as an IT initiative. In order for a company to continue to grow, it is important to create a system that supports each employee in learning and fosters an attitude and organizational culture that flexibly responds to change and takes on challenges. We, of course, use learningBOX for training, but most of our teaching materials are created in-house. LearningBOX can be used for up to 10 accounts for an unlimited period of time, free of charge. Please try our easy-to-use, instruction-free service!
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