What are the advantages of ICT in Education for students, teachers and schools?

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What are the advantages of ICT in Education for students, teachers and schools?

In this article, we will discuss what are the"advantages and disadvantages"of implementing of ICT in education.
In today's educational field, new forms of education are being promoted, such as "Inquiry-based learning" and "ICT in education".

For those who are in charge of digital transformation in their educational institutes, it should be inevitable for them to weigh what are the advantages and disadvantages for their students, teachers, and schools from implementing ICT in education.

 

Click here for the table of contents

  • 1. What is ICT in education?
  • 2. Advantages of ICT in education
  • 3. disadvantages of ICT in education
  • 4. what is necessary for the smooth implementation of ICT in education
  • 5. summary

 

What is ICT in education?

What is ICT?
ICT in education refers to the use of IT technologies such as tablets and PCs in educational settings.
ICT is an abbreviation for "Information and Communication Technology".
Familiar examples of ICT including smart phones, tablets and electronic blackboards, which make it possible to conduct "classes that are visually easy for both students and teachers to understand by using digital devices.
 

Why is ICT in education attractive?

The main reason why ICT in education is getting so much attention in Japan is to do with"the GIGA School Program."
The "GIGA School Program" is a Japanese government's scheme to provide each student from elementary to junior high schools with a PC and a network environment for learning.
If a "one device for one student" environment can be established, interactive classes can be possible between teachers and students, and education can be tailored to individual levels and requirements.
However, it has been revealed some issues including technology disparity. The status of the ICT environment in schools varies from region to region.

In addition, in the 2018 PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment), Japan ranked last among OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) member countries in terms of time spent using digital devices at school. (Source.Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology "Toward the Realization of the GIGA School Program")
There are concerns that Japan will fall further behind in the IT field as digital devices continue to be underutilized.
It can be said that ICT education has a significant role to play in realizing the GIGA school program.
 

Advantages of ICT in education

Advantages of ICT in education
There are many advantages to ICT in education for both students and teachers.
Here are four examples of the advantages.
 

Advantage 1 for students: Improve motivation

One of the benefits of ICT in education from the students' perspective is improve motivation.
It is difficult to motivate students in a class where they simply copy what is written on the blackboard into their notebooks.

However, the use of digital devices, such as tablets and PCs, gives students a fresh perspective on the classroom.
One example is to use the video call feature on your tablet or PC to talk with students from elsewhere.
Especially, if you use ICT tools to communicate with students from other countries, you might be able to improve the communication ability in other language effectively.
 

Advantage 2 for students: Add more fun

Another advantage of ICT in education is that it can deliver information to others visually and audibly.
For example, in mathematics, shapes are displayed in three dimensions, and in English, you can listen to the pronunciation of words in audio easily with using ICT tools.

ICT in education allows for interactive lessons between teachers and students, or between students.
If you can create a situation where students enjoy learning, it will lead to greater satisfaction in the classroom.
 

Advantage 1 for teachers 1: Improve efficiency

ICT in education also has the advantage of improving operational efficiency for teachers.
Using digital devices for teaching save the cost and time for schools or teachers to prepare and print out paper based teaching materials.
In addition, scoring assignments and other activities can be managed automatically and remotely. Therefore, it will improve the efficiency in running schools daily basis.

 

Advantage 2 for teachers: Easy to share knowledge and information

One of the advantages of introducing ICT in education is that it makes it easier for teachers to share information with each other.
If you create teaching materials using the software, you can easily share them through online.
Also, the teachers in the same school can share the learning progress information and might be able to support their students in many ways.
 

Disadvantages of ICT in education

Disadvantages of ICT in education
While there are many advantages to ICT in education, there are also few disadvantages.
Two typical disadvantages are as follows.
 

Costly to implement.

Tablets and PCs are not inexpensive to purchase and come at a certain cost.
The disadvantage of ICT in education is that a large sum of money is required at the time of implementation if digital equipment is to be provided for all students and teachers.
Additionally, it's not uncommon for digital devices to break down.
When it malfunctions, you will need to ask for repair or buy a new one.
We must also consider the cost incurred after the introduction of the system, and it is possible that the cost will be higher than expected.
 

If any technical troubles happen, the lesson will be disrupted.

The internet connection is fundamental in ICT, therefore that might lead to technology disparity.
Maybe the speeds of your or your students' internet connections are not fast enough to access to the materials.
Furthermore the devices you are using can be out of dated so they may require updating or renewing.
 

What need to be considered when introducing ICT in education

Although there are so many discussions and debates regarding ICT in education, you cannot stop education because that is such a fundamental activity in this world.
It can be helpful to look at the following 2 points to start with.
 

Clarify a goal of introducing ICT in education

It is important to make sure that you are introducing ICT in education "for your students". Although there are some aspects that lead to a workload for teachers, you would better to clarify a goal of implementation.
Before implementing ICT in education, you should list up what the students need to learn, how they learn, and how the teachers evaluate the students' progresses and achievements through ICT in education.
 

Utilize external personnel

Don't panic when your school principal or manger call for Digital Transformation.
The level of ICT skills varies from individual to individual, so even if digital equipment is provided, it is not always possible for teachers to use it well.
Currently, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) is implementing the "ICT Application Education Advisor Dispatch Project".
This is a project in which advisors provide advice on planning for the development of the ICT environment and on effective teaching methods.
Using an advisor who is already familiar with ICT education can be expected to facilitate ICT education.
(Source.Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology "ICT Application Education Advisor Project)
 

Actual examples of ICT education

ICT education has been practiced in many schools and there are many examples.
Here are two examples of ICT education in action.
 

Example 1: Rikkyo Jogakuin Elementary School

Rikkyo Jogakuin Elementary School in Tokyo is promoting ICT education under the title of "Well Learning Project". This project is based on the following three ideas.

A place for children to learn that they truly want to learn
An environment where parents can feel that they want their children to study at Rikkyo Jogakuin Elementary School.
A place where teachers are motivated to teach children with all their heart.

Not only are there opportunities to experience nature, such as growing vegetables and planting rice, but it is also possible to learn how to operate a PC.
In addition, there are frequent opportunities to use digital devices, such as the use of iPads to present what students have learned through their studies.
(Source.Rikkyo Jogakuin Elementary School "Well Learning Project)
 

Example 2: N Junior High School

At N Junior High School, where students can study anywhere with an internet connection, "programming learning" is provided as part of the curriculum.
The goal of learning programming is not just to acquire programming skills.
The goal is to foster problem-solving and logical thinking skills while utilizing knowledge of programming languages.
The first step is to learn basic ICT skills such as how to use a PC. After that, they choose what they want to make (website, game, etc.) and make it by themselves.
(Source.N Junior High School "Programming Study)
 

summary

In this issue, we focused on the benefits of ICT education, and also introduced what is necessary to smoothly promote ICT education and actual examples.
ICT education has advantages for both students and teachers, and if it is used well, great effects can be expected.
However, don't introduce it just to make the teacher's job easier, but devise a way to make it more effective for the students.

Also recommended! Also read: "[Latest 2021] Issues in the field of education and the expected role of DX

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